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Structural Biomaterials
Language: en
Pages: 462
Authors: Cuie Wen
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-04-06 - Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Structural Biomaterials: Properties, Characteristics, and Selection serves as a single point of reference to digest current research and develop a deeper understanding in the field of biomaterials engineering. This book uses a materials-focused approach, allowing the reader to quickly access specific, detailed information on biomaterials characterization and selection. Relevant to a range of readers, this book provides holistic coverage of the broad categories of structural biomaterials currently available and used in medical applications, highlighting the property requirements for structural biomaterials, their biocompatibility performance and their safety regulation in key categories such as metals, ceramics and polymers. The materials science perspective of this text ensures the content is accessible even to those without an extensive background in applied medicine, positioning this text not just for students, but as an overview and reference for researchers, scientists and engineers entering the field from related materials science disciplines. Provides a unique, holistic approach, covering key biomaterials categories in one text, including metals, ceramics and polymers Discusses advantages, disadvantages, biocompatibility performance and safety regulations, allowing for accurate materials selection in medical applications Utilizes a materials science perspective, allowing those without an extensive applied medical background to learn about the field
Structural Biomaterials
Language: en
Pages: 244
Authors: Julian F. V. Vincent
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 1990 - Publisher: Princeton University Press

"This book should go a long way towards filling the communication gap between biology and physics in the area of biomaterials]. It begins with the basic theory of elasticity and viscoelasticity, describing concepts like stress, strain, compliance, and plasticity in simple mathematical terms. . . . For the non-biologist, these chapters provide a clear account of macromolecular structure and conformation. . . . Vincent's work] is a delight to read, full of interesting anecdotes and examples from unexpected sources. . . . I can strongly recommend this book, as it shows how biologists could use mechanical properties as well as conventional methods to deduce molecular structure."--Anna Furth, The Times Higher Education Supplement In what is now recognized as a standard introduction to biomaterials, Julian Vincent presents a biologist's analysis of the structural materials of organisms, using molecular biology as a starting point. He explores the chemical structure of both proteins and polysaccharides, illustrating how their composition and bonding determine the mechanical properties of the materials in which they occurincluding pliant composites such as skin, artery, and plant tissue; stiff composites such as insect cuticle and wood; and biological ceramics such as teeth, bone, and eggshell. Here Vincent discusses the possibilities of taking ideas from nature with biomimicry and "intelligent" (or self-designing and sensitive) materials.
Structural Biomaterials
Language: en
Pages: 240
Authors: Julian Vincent
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-07-29 - Publisher: Princeton University Press

This is a thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded edition of a classic illustrated introduction to the structural materials in natural organisms and what we can learn from them to improve man-made technology--from nanotechnology to textiles to architecture. Julian Vincent's book has long been recognized as a standard work on the engineering design of biomaterials and is used by undergraduates, graduates, researchers, and professionals studying biology, zoology, engineering, and biologically inspired design. This third edition incorporates new developments in the field, the most important of which have been at the molecular level. All of the illustrations have been redrawn, the references have been updated, and a new chapter on biomimetic design has been added. Vincent emphasizes the mechanical properties of structural biomaterials, their contribution to the lives of organisms, and how these materials differ from man-made ones. He shows how the properties of biomaterials are derived from their chemistry and interactions, and how to measure them. Starting with proteins and polysaccharides, he shows how skin and hair function, how materials self-assemble, and how ceramics such as bone and mother-of-pearl can be so stiff and tough, despite being made in water in benign ambient conditions. Finally, he combines these topics with an analysis of how the design of biomaterials can be adapted in technology, and presents a series of guidelines for designers. An accessible illustrated introduction with minimal technical jargon Suitable for undergraduates and more advanced readers Integrates chemistry, mechanics, and biology Includes descriptions of all biological materials Simple exposition of mechanical analysis of materials
Structural Biomaterials for the 21st Century
Language: en
Pages: 288
Authors: Minerals, Metals and Materials Society. Meeting
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2001 - Publisher: Tms

Books about Structural Biomaterials for the 21st Century
Language: en
Pages: 562
Authors: Joon Park, R. S. Lakes
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007-07-23 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

With sixty years of combined experience, the authors of this extensively revised book have learned to emphasize the fundamental materials science, structure-property relationships, and biological responses as a foundation for a wide array of biomaterials applications. This edition includes a new chapter on tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, approximately 1900 references to additional reading, extensive tutorial materials on new developments in spinal implants and fixation techniques and theory. It also offers systematic coverage of orthopedic implants, and expanded treatment of ceramic materials and implants.
Comprehensive Structural Integrity: Cyclic loading and fatigue
Language: en
Pages: 10
Authors: I. Milne, Robert O. Ritchie, B. L. Karihaloo
Categories: Fracture mechanics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2003 - Publisher: Elsevier

Books about Comprehensive Structural Integrity: Cyclic loading and fatigue
Nanostructured Biomaterials
Language: en
Pages: 222
Authors: Junbai Li
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011-02-04 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Nanostructured materials with designed biofunctions have brought about rapid and significant changes in materials science. "Nanostructured Biomaterials" provides up-to-date reviews of different methods for synthesizing new types of such materials and discusses their cutting-edge technological applications. The reviews mainly focus on potential applications of nanostructured materials in biology and the medical sciences. The book is of general interest to a broad audience of graduate students and researchers active in chemistry, materials science, engineering, biology, and physics. Dr. Junbai Li is a professor at the National Center for Nanoscience and Technology and the Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.
Mechanical Design of Structural Materials in Animals
Language: en
Pages: 400
Authors: John M. Gosline
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-05-08 - Publisher: Princeton University Press

Mechanical Design of Structural Materials in Animals explores the principles underlying how molecules interact to produce the functional attributes of biological materials: their strength and stiffness, ability to absorb and store energy, and ability to resist the fatigue that accrues through a lifetime of physical insults. These attributes play a central role in determining the size and shape of animals, the ways in which they can move, and how they interact with their environment. By showing how structural materials have been designed by evolution, John Gosline sheds important light on how animals work. Gosline elucidates the pertinent theories for how molecules are arranged into macromolecular structures and how those structures are then built up into whole organisms. In particular, Gosline develops the theory of discontinuous, fiber-reinforced composites, which he employs in a grand synthesis to explain the properties of everything from the body wall of sea anemones to spiders' silks and insect cuticles, tendons, ligaments, and bones. Although the theories are examined in depth, Gosline's elegant discussion makes them accessible to anyone with an interest in the mechanics of life. Focusing on the materials from which animals are constructed, this book answers fundamental questions about mechanical properties in nature.
Functional Nanostructures
Language: en
Pages: 592
Authors: Sudipta Seal
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2010-06-02 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

This is the first book about functional nanostructures. Nanocrystalline materials exhibit outstanding properties and represent a new class of structural materials having a wide range of applications. In particular, there is considerable interest in developing nanocrystalline materials to be used as functional materials in aerospace applications, automotive industry, wear applications, etc. Future progress in these high technological applications of nanocrystalline materials depends on development of new methods of their fabrication and understanding of the underlying nano-scale and interface effects causing their unique mechanical properties.
Supramolecular and Colloidal Structures in Biomaterials and Biosubstrates
Language: en
Pages: 504
Authors: M Lal, P J Lillford, V M Naik, V Prakash
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000-05-12 - Publisher: World Scientific

Of central importance in personal care, food, pharmaceutics, and biotechnology, biomaterials and biosubstrates formed the subject of the fifth meeting of the Royal Society-Unilever INDO-UK Forum in Materials Science and Engineering. The programme for this meeting dwelt on two principal foci: (i) new advances in the measurement of the supramolecular and colloidal structures, and (ii) the relationship of these structures to the functional properties of the materials. This volume is a compilation of selected papers presented at the meeting by world-renowned scientists who included, among others, Prof E D T Atkins (Bristol, UK), Prof N Chandrakumar (Chennai, India), Dr A M Hermansson (Goteborg, Sweden), Dr V J Morris (Norwich, UK), Prof P Walstra (Wageningen, The Netherlands), Dr V Prakash (Mysore, India), Prof S B Ross-Murphy (King's College, London, UK), Prof G E Rogers (Adelaide, Australia), Dr T Kealey (Cambridge, UK) and Prof N Appaji Rao (Bangalore, India). Contents:Chain-Folded apβ-Sheet Lamellar Structures from Genetically-Engineered Periodic Polypeptides (E D T Atkins)C-13 NMR Imaging: Techniques and Applications to Materials and Biological Systems (N Chandrakumar)Supermolecular and Colloidal Food Structures: Novel Microscopic Approaches (A M Hermansson)Molecular Microscopy (V J Morris & A P Gunning)Supramolecular Structure of Proteins: Can Equilibrium be Shifted in Multimeric Proteins to Supernative Structure with Higher Stability in Certain Cosolvents? (V Prakash et al.)Fractal Particle Gels in Foods (P Walstra)The Rheology of Macromolecular and Supramolecular Biomaterials (S B Ross-Murphy)Cells and Molecules in the Properties of Hair and Wool (G E Rogers)The Cell Biology of Skin and Hair (T Kealey)Tetrameric Serine HydroxymethyItransferase: Insights into Molecular Organisation, Function and Rational Drug Design (N A Rao et al.)and other papers Readership: Materials scientists, chemists and biologists.
Mechanics of Biomaterials
Language: en
Pages: 681
Authors: Lisa A. Pruitt, Ayyana M. Chakravartula
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011-10-20 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Combining materials science, mechanics, implant design and clinical applications, this self-contained text provides a complete grounding to the field.
Marine Biomaterials
Language: en
Pages: 840
Authors: Se-Kwon Kim
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-04-11 - Publisher: CRC Press

Oceans are an abundant source of diverse biomaterials with potential for an array of uses. Marine Biomaterials: Characterization, Isolation and Applications brings together the wide range of research in this important area, including the latest developments and applications, from preliminary research to clinical trials. The book is divided into four parts, with chapters written by experts from around the world. Biomaterials described come from a variety of marine sources, such as fish, algae, microorganisms, crustaceans, and mollusks. Part I covers the isolation and characterization of marine biomaterials—bioceramics, biopolymers, fatty acids, toxins and pigments, nanoparticles, and adhesive materials. It also describes problems that may be encountered in the process as well as possible solutions. Part II looks at biological activities of marine biomaterials, including polysaccharides, biotoxins, and peptides. Chapters examine health benefits of the biomaterials, such as antiviral activity, antidiabetic properties, anticoagulant and anti-allergic effects, and more. Part III discusses biomedical applications of marine biomaterials, including nanocomposites, and describes applications of various materials in tissue engineering and drug delivery. Part IV explores commercialization of marine-derived biomaterials—marine polysaccharides and marine enzymes—and examines industry perspectives and applications. This book covers the key aspects of available marine biomaterials for biological and biomedical applications, and presents techniques that can be used for future isolation of novel materials from marine sources.