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by Ivar Berg Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media Release Date: 2012-12-06 Genre: Social Science Pages: 766 pages ISBN 13: 1461512255 ISBN 10: 9781461512257 Format: PDF, ePUB, MOBI, Audiobooks, Kindle
Synopsis : Sourcebook of Labor Markets written by Ivar Berg, published by Springer Science & Business Media which was released on 2012-12-06. Download Sourcebook of Labor Markets Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. A distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the field at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future. -- A distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the field at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future. Following what the editors describe as an `evolutionist' approach to the study of labor markets, the chapters address issues of continuity and discontinuity in a wide range of topics including: markets and institutional structures; employment relations and work structures; patterns of stratification in the United States; and public policies, opportunity structures, and economic outcomes.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-12-06 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
A distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the field at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future. Following what the editors describe as an `evolutionist' approach to the study of labor markets, the chapters address issues of continuity and discontinuity in a wide range of topics including: markets and institutional structures; employment relations and work structures; patterns of stratification in the United States; and public policies, opportunity structures, and economic outcomes.
A distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the field at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future. Following what the editors describe as an evolutionist' approach to the study of labor markets, the chapters address issues of continuity and discontinuity in a wide range of topics including: markets and institutional structures; employment relations and work structures; patterns of stratification in the United States; and public policies, opportunity structures, and economic outcomes.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2005 - Publisher: University Press of America
This book examines the value Korean employers and workers place on stable employment with a focus on the workers' want for more desirable transition outcomes as modified by various individual and structural factors, particularly labor market structure. Results of the analysis show that internal labor market structure has increased employment stability and the desirability of transition outcomes in Korea over time. Korea's industrialization has enabled internal labor market structure to mature to a level that has increased employment stability and the desirability of transition outcomes. This implies that Korea has experienced industrialization in such a short period that internal labor market structure has not matured enough to influence the ways in which other factors affect employment transition patterns. Results of the effects of labor market structure and other factors on employment transition patterns imply that Korea's industrialization has had mixed effects on workers' economic and social well-being. On the one hand, it has improved the overall level of workers' well being, yet on the other hand, it has increased heterogeneity in well being among different types of workers.
Authors: Yann Bramoullé, Andrea Galeotti, Brian W. Rogers
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016 - Publisher: Oxford University Press
The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Networks represents the frontier of research into how and why networks they form, how they influence behavior, how they help govern outcomes in an interactive world, and how they shape collective decision making, opinion formation, and diffusion dynamics. From a methodological perspective, the contributors to this volume devote attention to theory, field experiments, laboratory experiments, and econometrics. Theoretical work in network formation, games played on networks, repeated games, and the interaction between linking and behavior is synthesized. A number of chapters are devoted to studying social process mediated by networks. Topics here include opinion formation, diffusion of information and disease, and learning. There are also chapters devoted to financial contagion and systemic risk, motivated in part by the recent financial crises. Another section discusses communities, with applications including social trust, favor exchange, and social collateral; the importance of communities for migration patterns; and the role that networks and communities play in the labor market. A prominent role of networks, from an economic perspective, is that they mediate trade. Several chapters cover bilateral trade in networks, strategic intermediation, and the role of networks in international trade. Contributions discuss as well the role of networks for organizations. On the one hand, one chapter discusses the role of networks for the performance of organizations, while two other chapters discuss managing networks of consumers and pricing in the presence of network-based spillovers. Finally, the authors discuss the internet as a network with attention to the issue of net neutrality.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2003-06-30 - Publisher: SAGE
"This encyclopedia is a welcome exploration of the great variety of social networks that human beings create and participate in. Interdisciplinary in scope, the set includes contributions from some of the foremost scholars studying community today. Appendixes include an extensive bibliography, a collection of resources guides, an annotated guide to "Community in Popular Culture," and "Libraries Build Community," a guide for librarians."--"The Top 20 Reference Titles of the Year," American Libraries, May 2004.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2003-03-23 - Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
The workforce of the future promises to be very different from that of the past. A generation ago, there were few workers over the age of 65, but in the future we will see many more employees remain on the job longer than ever before. At the same time, as global markets grow more closely integrated, companies are having to reinvent the workplace, which requires more skilled, more reliable, and more flexible employees. Benefits for the Workplace of the Future explores how workforce and workplace changes are reshaping the form and design of employee benefits and what these trends portend for the future of compensation. An increasingly diverse range of workers and new types of companies are forcing a redefinition of what it means to be an employee, what it means to offer someone a job, and how to compensate workers. These changes are spurring nontraditional benefits, such as child and elder care, flexible medical benefits, employee assistance programs, and investment education. Major developments in the pension and health care arenas provide new opportunities and challenges for rank and file workers as they are asked to take on more responsibility for their own benefits design. Contributors to the volume--academics, employers, consultants, and policymakers--evaluate these trends and their implications. They chart new methods for developing benefits plans and provide assessments of past trends and clear-eyed forecasts for future benefit challenges. The book will be invaluable to those who seek to structure and benefit from well-designed compensation packages.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-05-06 - Publisher: Routledge
Since U.S. President Reagan and U.K. Prime Minister Thatcher, a major ideology (under the name of economic science) has been expanded worldwide that claims that the best policies to stimulate human development are those that reduce the role of the state in economic and social lives: privatizing public services and public enterprises, deregulating the mobility of capital and labor, eliminating protectionism, and reducing public social protection. This ideology, called 'neoliberalism,' has guided the globalization of economic activity and become the conventional wisdom in international agencies and institutions (such as the IMF, World Bank, World Trade Organization, and the technical agencies of the United Nations, including the WHO). Reproduced in the 'Washington consensus' in the United States and the 'Brussels consensus' in the European Union, this ideology has guided policies widely accepted as the only ones possible and advisable.This book assembles a series of articles that challenge that ideology. Written by well-known scholars, these articles question each of the tenets of neoliberal doctrine, showing how the policies guided by this ideology have adversely affected human development in the countries where they have been implemented.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-01-21 - Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Poverty and Power asserts that American poverty is a structural problem resulting from failings in our social system rather than individual failings of the poor. Contrary to the popular belief that poverty results from individual deficiencies—that poor people lack intelligence, determination, or skills—author Edward Royce introduces students to the very real structural issues that stack the balance of power in the United States. The book introduces four systems that contribute to inequality in the U.S.—economic, political, cultural, and structural—then discusses ten institutional problems that make life difficult for the poor and contribute to the persistence of poverty. Throughout the book, the author compares individualistic and structural approaches to poverty to assess strengths and limitations of each view. The second edition of this provocative book has been revised throughout with new statistical information, as well as analysis of the recent recession, the Obama presidency, increasing political polarization, the rise of the Tea Party and appearance of the Occupy Movement, new anti-poverty movements, and more.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007-04-30 - Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Searching for the Human in Human Resource Management is a highly original collection penned by leading critical thinkers in the field of organization studies and HRM, each concerned to resituate people at the heart of HRM and organizational analysis. It offers contributions in three key areas: theory, practice and workplace contexts.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-12-08 - Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
This volume presents original theory and research on precarious work in various parts of the world, identifying its social, political and economic origins, its manifestations in the USA, Europe, Asia, and the Global South, and its consequences for personal and family life. In the past quarter century, the nature of paid employment has undergone a dramatic change due to globalization, rapid technological change, the decline of the power of workers in favor of employers, and the spread of neoliberalism. Jobs have become far more insecure and uncertain, with workers bearing the risks of employment as opposed to employers or the government. This trend towards precarious work has engulfed virtually all advanced capitalist nations, but unevenly so, while countries in the Global South continue to experience precarious conditions of work. This title examines theories of precarious work; cross-national variations in its features; racial and gender differences in exposure to precarious work; and the policy alternatives that might protect workers from undue risk. The chapters utilize a variety of methods, both quantitative statistical analyses and careful qualitative case studies. This volume will be a valuable resource that constitutes required reading for scholars, activists, labor leaders, and policy makers concerned with the future of work under contemporary capitalism.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012 - Publisher: Routledge
The sociological concept of social capital has grown in popularity in recent years and research programs in North America, Europe, and East Asia have demonstrated how social capital has a significant impact on occupational mobility, community building, social movement, and economic development. This book uses new empirical data to test how social capital works in different societies with diverse political-economic and cultural institutions. Taking a comparative approach, this study focuses on data from three different societies, China, Taiwan, and the United States, in order to reveal the international commonalities and disparities in access to, and activation of, social capital in labor markets. In particular, this book tests whether political economic and cultural differences between capitalist and socialist economic systems and between Western and Confucian cultures create different types of individual social networks and usages. This comparison leads to Joonmo Son's fundamental argument that the institutional constraints of a society's political economy on the one hand, and culture on the other, profoundly impact on both the composition and utilization of social capital. Based on rigorous statistical analysis, this book will be essential reading for students and scholars of social capital, economic sociology, and comparative politics.