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Natural Categories and Human Kinds

by Muhammad Ali Khalidi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2013-05-16
Genre: Science
Pages: pages
ISBN 13: 1107244595
ISBN 10: 9781107244597
Format: PDF, ePUB, MOBI, Audiobooks, Kindle

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Synopsis : Natural Categories and Human Kinds written by Muhammad Ali Khalidi, published by Cambridge University Press which was released on 2013-05-16. Download Natural Categories and Human Kinds Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Classification in the Natural and Social Sciences Muhammad Ali Khalidi ... In terms of shared properties, the category fish is a cluster or polythetic kind rather than a monothetic or definable kind (to use terms introduced in the ... -- The notion of 'natural kinds' has been central to contemporary discussions of metaphysics and philosophy of science. Although explicitly articulated by nineteenth-century philosophers like Mill, Whewell and Venn, it has a much older history dating back to Plato and Aristotle. In recent years, essentialism has been the dominant account of natural kinds among philosophers, but the essentialist view has encountered resistance, especially among naturalist metaphysicians and philosophers of science. Informed by detailed examination of classification in the natural and social sciences, this book argues against essentialism and for a naturalist account of natural kinds. By looking at case studies drawn from diverse scientific disciplines, from fluid mechanics to virology and polymer science to psychiatry, the author argues that natural kinds are nodes in causal networks. On the basis of this account, he maintains that there can be natural kinds in the social sciences as well as the natural sciences.

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Natural Categories and Human Kinds
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: Muhammad Ali Khalidi (Professor of philosophy)
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Type: BOOK - Published: 2013 - Publisher:

Muhammad Ali Khalidi proposes a new approach to classifications in the natural and social sciences, avoiding essentialism and social constructionism.
Natural Categories and Human Kinds
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Pages:
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The notion of 'natural kinds' has been central to contemporary discussions of metaphysics and philosophy of science. Although explicitly articulated by nineteenth-century philosophers like Mill, Whewell and Venn, it has a much older history dating back to Plato and Aristotle. In recent years, essentialism has been the dominant account of natural kinds among philosophers, but the essentialist view has encountered resistance, especially among naturalist metaphysicians and philosophers of science. Informed by detailed examination of classification in the natural and social sciences, this book argues against essentialism and for a naturalist account of natural kinds. By looking at case studies drawn from diverse scientific disciplines, from fluid mechanics to virology and polymer science to psychiatry, the author argues that natural kinds are nodes in causal networks. On the basis of this account, he maintains that there can be natural kinds in the social sciences as well as the natural sciences.
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