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Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

by Nobutoshi Ando
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2014-10-22
Genre: Medical
Pages: 309 pages
ISBN 13: 4431549773
ISBN 10: 9784431549772
Format: PDF, ePUB, MOBI, Audiobooks, Kindle

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Synopsis : Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma written by Nobutoshi Ando, published by Springer which was released on 2014-10-22. Download Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Since this volume contains a wide spectrum of current information and addresses topics surrounding the treatment of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, it is highly relevant to Asian physicians and researchers as well as to ... -- Esophageal cancer causes an estimated 386,000 deaths worldwide and is the sixth most common cause of death for men. The background characteristics of esophageal cancer treatment are markedly different between Asian and Western countries, however. In tumor histology, squamous cell carcinoma associated with smoking and alcohol consumption is overwhelmingly prevalent in Asia, whereas adenocarcinoma associated with Barrett’s metaplasia is markedly prevalent in the West. In Asia, especially in Japan, the key persons who play important roles in the management of esophageal cancer patients are surgeons; in the West those roles are filled by medical and radiation oncologists as well as surgeons. The philosophy of surgeons regarding cancer surgery varies from locoregional to local tumor control, particularly in focusing on lymph node dissection. Physicians’ approach to surgical adjuvant therapy differs, therefore, between Asia and the West. Considering these East–West differences in esophageal cancer treatment, the currently available results of Western evidence should not be considered directly applicable to esophageal cancer in Asia. In this book, the authors discuss the knowledge base in Japan in terms of treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Since this volume contains a wide spectrum of current information and addresses topics surrounding the treatment of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, it is highly relevant to Asian physicians and researchers as well as to their counterparts in the West.

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Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
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Pages: 309
Authors: Nobutoshi Ando
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-10-22 - Publisher: Springer

Esophageal cancer causes an estimated 386,000 deaths worldwide and is the sixth most common cause of death for men. The background characteristics of esophageal cancer treatment are markedly different between Asian and Western countries, however. In tumor histology, squamous cell carcinoma associated with smoking and alcohol consumption is overwhelmingly prevalent in Asia, whereas adenocarcinoma associated with Barrett’s metaplasia is markedly prevalent in the West. In Asia, especially in Japan, the key persons who play important roles in the management of esophageal cancer patients are surgeons; in the West those roles are filled by medical and radiation oncologists as well as surgeons. The philosophy of surgeons regarding cancer surgery varies from locoregional to local tumor control, particularly in focusing on lymph node dissection. Physicians’ approach to surgical adjuvant therapy differs, therefore, between Asia and the West. Considering these East–West differences in esophageal cancer treatment, the currently available results of Western evidence should not be considered directly applicable to esophageal cancer in Asia. In this book, the authors discuss the knowledge base in Japan in terms of treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Since this volume contains a wide spectrum of current information and addresses topics surrounding the treatment of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, it is highly relevant to Asian physicians and researchers as well as to their counterparts in the West.
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Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus has a lower incidence than other gastrointestinal tract cancer; however, there are many difficult issued related to the choice of appropriate therapy for these patients. In recent years, the use of multimodal treatment has greatly improved the prognosis of patients affected by this disease but several aspects of the oncological and surgical management are still controversial. This book aims to give a homogeneous approach to esophageal cancer treatment, based on the author’s lifetime experience in conjunction with exhaustive review of recent literature. In each chapter surgeons and oncologists will find appropriate tools for correct management of the diagnosis and therapy of this difficult disease. The book analyzes all the aspects of staging and treatment, such as modern diagnostic and staging techniques (MRI or PET-CT), endoscopic treatment of early cancer, new minimally invasive and open surgical techniques, and combined treatment. In addition, there are chapters dedicated to the postoperative course of these patients, as well as their quality of life, with indications for the correct follow-up and treatment of relapses.
Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
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Books about Identification and Characterization of CHL1 in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Role of Dnajb6 in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: Zhuoyou Yu
Categories: Antioncogenes
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-01-26 - Publisher: Open Dissertation Press

This dissertation, "Role of DNAJB6 in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma" by Zhuoyou, Yu, 余卓由, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Esophageal cancer (EC), which is geographically diverse, has only a 10.7% five-year survival rate. One of the histologic forms, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), in Hong Kong accounts for 81.5% of the total EC cases and its five-year survival rate is only 14%, due to its high frequency of metastasis. In our previous studies, functional complementation study of chromosome 9 defects led to the discovery of a novel tumor suppressor gene, Deleted in Esophageal Cancer 1 (DEC1), mapping to 9q32. DEC1 was shown to reduce tumorigenicity in a mouse model and its expression was shown to be associated with lymph node metastasis, early onset of ESCC, and familial ESCC development in a tissue microarray (TMA) study. Moreover, DNAJ (Hsp40) homologue subfamily B member 6 (DNAJB6), a molecular co-chaperone protein and the focus of the current study, was identified as a DEC1-interacting protein through a yeast two-hybrid screening. The interaction was further confirmed by the GST pull-down assay and co-localization studies. Using a TMA constructed with ESCC tissues from Hong Kong, the clinical relevance of DNAJB6 expression was demonstrated. In the present study, the role of DNAJB6 in ESCC was investigated using cell line-based in vivo and in vitro studies. DNAJB6 was shown to be down-regulated in ESCC cell lines. The two isoforms of DNAJB6 have distinct subcellular localizations, with DNAJB6a mainly localized to the nucleus and DNAJB6b diffused throughout the cell. Existence of a functional nuclear localization signal peptide and a functional nuclear export signal peptide was verified in DNAJB6a and DNAJB6b, respectively. In vitro evidence of possible DNAJB6a truncation was found. In vivo subcutaneous nude mice tumorigenicity assays showed that over-expression of DNAJB6a, but not DNAJB6b, suppresses tumor growth at the primary site, while DNAJB6a silencing enhances tumor growth. The suppressive effect of DNAJB6a depends on nuclear localization of the protein and the HPD tripeptide motif in the N-terminal J domain. In vitro function studies show that DNAJB6a over-expression impairs cell proliferation by suppressing G1/S transition. AKT1 phosphorylation is down-regulated in DNAJB6a over-expressed cells, leading to up-regulation of p27KIP1 protein expression and down-regulation of cyclin E1 protein expression, the G1/S transition promoter, in an AKT1-dependent manner. DNAJB6a silencing results in the opposite effect. Over-expression of DNAJB6b, but not DNAJB6a, instead suppresses lung colonization in an experimental metastasis assay, and prolongs survival of the mice. Silencing of DNAJB6a in immortalized normal esophageal epithelial cells initially induces a senescence-like phenotype with greatly reduced proliferation possibly due to oncogenic stress from up-regulation of AKT1 phosphorylation and cyclin E1 protein expression, but promotes EMT-like molecular alterations by up-regulating STAT3 phosphorylation and TWIST1 protein expression and resumes proliferation after prolonged culture. In summary, these results suggest that DNAJB6 plays a critical role in ESCC initiation, development, and metastasis and provides valuable insight into the understanding of ESCC tumorigenesis and metastasis. This suggests its usefulness as a biomarker candidate for detecting early ESCC tumor initiation. DOI: 10.5353/th_b5177324 Subjects: Esophagus - Cancer - Genetic aspects
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Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-01-27 - Publisher: Open Dissertation Press

This dissertation, "Identification and Characterization of Cancer-related Genes in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma" by Li, Fu, 付利, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Abstract of thesis entitled Identification and characterization of cancer-related genes in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma Submitted by Fu Li For the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at The University of Hong Kong in June 2007 Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the sixth leading cause of cancer death worldwide and the fourth most common malignancies in China. Previous studies have shown that ESCC is a lethal disease caused by a combination of environmental and genetic risk factors. However, the genetic steps involved in carcinogenesis of ESCC are still unclear. This study aims to identify more ESCC-related genes and to characterize their roles in the tumorigenesis of ESCC. Deletion of chromosome 3p is common in ESCC, suggesting the existence of one or more tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) at this region. Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-mass spectrometry-genotyping (SMSG), was applied to investigate loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on 3p in 100 primary ESCC cases with 386 SNP markers. The accuracy of LOH frequency detected by SMSG was further validated by quantitative real-time PCR in five selected SNP loci and the results demonstrated that SMSG is a reliable tool for LOH screening. Four minimal deleted regions (MDRs) at 3p26.3, 3p22, i3p21.3 and 3p14.2 were identified. Absent and down-regulated expression of candidate TSGs from MDRs and other frequent LOH loci, including CHL1, APG7L, PCAF, RBMS3, PLCD1 and CACNA2D3, were detected in primary ESCC tumors and ESCC cell lines. Deletions of MDR-1, 2 and 4 correlated with both advanced tumor stage and poor differentiation in ESCC further strengthened the clinical relevance to these deleted regions. A potential TSG located at 3p22, Phospholipase C-δ1 (PLCD1), was subsequently characterized. Absent expression of PLCD1 was detected in 26/50 (52%) primary ESCCs and 4/9 (44.4%) ESCC cell lines, which was significantly associated with DNA- copy-number loss and promoter hypermethylation (P The majority of ESCC patients presented with advanced/metastatic disease upon diagnosis let us to identify new biomarkers for molecular tumor staging and prognostic evaluation. Differentially expressed proteins among different stages of primary ESCCs and their paired nontumorous tissues were compared by proteomics-based technology. Among 18 differentially expressed proteins, the expression levels of alpha-actinin 4 ii(ACTN4) and 67 kDa laminin receptor (67LR) progressively increased from stage I to III. Clinicopathological correlation study using TMA revealed that ACTN4 overexpression was significantly associated with advanced clinical stage and lymph node metastasis while 67LR overexpression was significantly correlated with advanced clinical stage. In summary, this study provided evidence that more ESCC-associated 3p
Biomarkers for Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: King-Cheung Hui, 許景祥
Categories: Antioncogenes
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-01-27 - Publisher: Open Dissertation Press

This dissertation, "Biomarkers for Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma" by King-cheung, Hui, 許景祥, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. DOI: 10.5353/th_b4163402 Subjects: Transcription factors Biochemical markers Esophagus - Cancer - Prognosis
Identification and Characterization of Chl1 in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
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Authors: Cailei Zhu, 祝彩磊
Categories: Antioncogenes
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-01-26 - Publisher: Open Dissertation Press

This dissertation, "Identification and Characterization of CHL1 in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma" by Cailei, Zhu, 祝彩磊, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. DOI: 10.5353/th_b4632955 Subjects: Antioncogenes Esophagus - Cancer - Genetic aspects