Genre: Anime

Lexical Categories and Root Classes in Amerindian Languages

by Ximena Lois
Publisher: Peter Lang
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Lexical Categories and Root Classes in Amerindian Languages written by Ximena Lois, published by Peter Lang which was released on 2006. Download Lexical Categories and Root Classes in Amerindian Languages Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. As does Croft , Baker argues for the universality of the category adjective : all languages have adjectives of some sort at the level of underlying representations . But , in extreme cases , conflation of the category Adjective with ... -- The problem of lexical categories and root class determination is fundamental in linguistic description and theory. Research on this topic has been particularly stimulated by studies of Amerindian languages. The essays in this collection, written by specialists in languages from South, Middle and North America, provide new insights into processes, levels, functions, and the aquisition of lexical categories, from various recent theoretical perspectives. The volume also addresses recent debates about root indeterminacy. Focusing on morphosyntax, phonology, and semantics, the contributions offer invaluable material for typological generalizations and for comprehension of the nature of the mental lexicon.

The Category of Person in Language

by Paul Forchheimer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2014-07-24
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : The Category of Person in Language written by Paul Forchheimer, published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG which was released on 2014-07-24. Download The Category of Person in Language Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. X. Languages with less than Three Distinct Plural Forms 1. In many languages certain forms fall together. This does not mean that the categories, expressed by these forms, are no longer distinguished. Capell mentions that Kiwai (Papua) ... --

Linguistic Categories Language Description and Linguistic Typology

by Luca Alfieri
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Release Date: 2021-07-15
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Linguistic Categories Language Description and Linguistic Typology written by Luca Alfieri, published by John Benjamins Publishing Company which was released on 2021-07-15. Download Linguistic Categories Language Description and Linguistic Typology Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Similarly , LaPolla ( 2016 : 367 ) distinguishes on the one hand “ forms that could be properly labelled with the comparative category label on formal grounds ” ( e.g. , the construction that codes the MIDDLE VOICE in languages in which ... -- Few issues in the history of the language sciences have been an object of as much discussion and controversy as linguistic categories. The eleven articles included in this volume tackle the issue of categories from a wide range of perspectives and with different foci, in the context of the current debate on the nature and methodology of the research on comparative concepts – particularly, the relation between the categories needed to describe languages and those needed to compare languages. While the first six papers deal with general theoretical questions, the following five confront specific issues in the domain of language analysis arising from the application of categories. The volume will appeal to a very broad readership: advanced students and scholars in any field of linguistics, but also specialists in the philosophy of language, and scholars interested in the cognitive aspects of language from different subfields (neurolinguistics, cognitive sciences, psycholinguistics, anthropology).

Language Acquisition and the Functional Category System

by Peter Jordens
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release Date: 2013-01-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Language Acquisition and the Functional Category System written by Peter Jordens, published by Walter de Gruyter which was released on 2013-01-01. Download Language Acquisition and the Functional Category System Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Learner languages at the relevant stage have only two types of utterance structure. The difference between the two types ... For example, the verb may not be relevant as a category of the basic language system, while the predicate is. -- Research on spontaneous language acquisition both in children learning their mother tongue and in adults learning a second language has shown that language development proceeds in a stagewise manner. Learner utterances are accounted for in terms of so-called 'learner languages'. Learner languages of both children and adults are language systems that are initially rather simple. The present monograph shows how these learner languages develop both in child L1 and in adult L2 Dutch. At the initial stage of both L1 and L2 Dutch, learner systems are lexical systems. This means that utterance structure is determined by the lexical projection of a predicate-argument structure, while the functional properties of the target language are absent. At some point in acquisition, this lexical-semantic system develops into a target-like system. With this target-like system, learners have reached a stage at which their language system has the morpho-syntactic features to express the functional properties of finiteness and topicality. Evidence of this is word order variation and the use of linguistic elements such as auxiliaries, tense, and agreement markers and determiners. Looking at this process of language acquisition from a functional point of view, the author focuses on questions such as the following. What is the driving force behind the process that causes learners to give up a simple lexical-semantic system in favour of a functional-pragmatic one? What is the added value of linguistic features such as the morpho-syntactic properties of inflection, word order variation, and definiteness?

The category of definiteness in language pair German Macedonian

by Biljana Ivanovska
Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing
Release Date: 2015-09
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : The category of definiteness in language pair German Macedonian written by Biljana Ivanovska, published by Anchor Academic Publishing which was released on 2015-09. Download The category of definiteness in language pair German Macedonian Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. The function of the grammatical category definiteness and number in nouns in German and Macedonian language is very important in the process of describing nouns and giving meanings in sentences. The process of finding and choosing the ... -- The monograph "The category of definiteness in the language pair German and Macedonian" focuses on the contrastive analysis of German and Macedonian language and would be relevant for both German foreign language students (DaF-students), learners of moder

Categories and Types in Logic Language and Physics

by Claudia Casadio
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2014-04-03
Genre: Mathematics
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Categories and Types in Logic Language and Physics written by Claudia Casadio, published by Springer which was released on 2014-04-03. Download Categories and Types in Logic Language and Physics Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Abstract Tensor Systems as Monoidal Categories Aleks Kissinger Department of Computer Science University of Oxford ... which has been used by physicists directly, and category theorists implicitly, via the diagrammatic languages for ... -- For more than 60 years, Jim Lambek has been a profoundly inspirational mathematician, with groundbreaking contributions to algebra, category theory, linguistics, theoretical physics, logic and proof theory. This Festschrift was put together on the occasion of his 90th birthday. The papers in it give a good picture of the multiple research areas where the impact of Jim Lambek's work can be felt. The volume includes contributions by prominent researchers and by their students, showing how Jim Lambek's ideas keep inspiring upcoming generations of scholars.

Functional Categories in Learner Language

by Christine Dimroth
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Functional Categories in Learner Language written by Christine Dimroth, published by Walter de Gruyter which was released on 2009. Download Functional Categories in Learner Language Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. (2003) for Germanic languages, Jordens (2002, 2006, 2008) and Jordens and Dimroth (2006) for Dutch, and Klein and ... That is, learners express assertion (AST), but they do not mark subject- verb agreement or the category of tense. -- Research on spontaneous processes of language acquisition has shown that early learner systems are based on lexical structures. At some point in acquisition this lexical-semantic system is given up in favour of a target-like functional category system. This work deals with the driving forces behind the acquisition of the functional properties of inflection, word-order variation, definiteness and agreement.

An Introduction to the Language of Category Theory

by Steven Roman
Publisher: Birkhäuser
Release Date: 2017-01-05
Genre: Mathematics
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : An Introduction to the Language of Category Theory written by Steven Roman, published by Birkhäuser which was released on 2017-01-05. Download An Introduction to the Language of Category Theory Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. New Categories From Old Categories 3) If a category C has Pop, then it also has pop (abbreviated Pop ) pop). The fact that Π ) p iff Πop ) pop is called the principle of duality for categories. Note that if Π is self-dual, that is, ... -- This textbook provides an introduction to elementary category theory, with the aim of making what can be a confusing and sometimes overwhelming subject more accessible. In writing about this challenging subject, the author has brought to bear all of the experience he has gained in authoring over 30 books in university-level mathematics. The goal of this book is to present the five major ideas of category theory: categories, functors, natural transformations, universality, and adjoints in as friendly and relaxed a manner as possible while at the same time not sacrificing rigor. These topics are developed in a straightforward, step-by-step manner and are accompanied by numerous examples and exercises, most of which are drawn from abstract algebra. The first chapter of the book introduces the definitions of category and functor and discusses diagrams,duality, initial and terminal objects, special types of morphisms, and some special types of categories,particularly comma categories and hom-set categories. Chapter 2 is devoted to functors and naturaltransformations, concluding with Yoneda's lemma. Chapter 3 presents the concept of universality and Chapter 4 continues this discussion by exploring cones, limits, and the most common categorical constructions – products, equalizers, pullbacks and exponentials (along with their dual constructions). The chapter concludes with a theorem on the existence of limits. Finally, Chapter 5 covers adjoints and adjunctions. Graduate and advanced undergraduates students in mathematics, computer science, physics, or related fields who need to know or use category theory in their work will find An Introduction to Category Theory to be a concise and accessible resource. It will be particularly useful for those looking for a more elementary treatment of the topic before tackling more advanced texts.

Australian Languages

by Claire Bowern
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Release Date: 2004-03-18
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Australian Languages written by Claire Bowern, published by John Benjamins Publishing which was released on 2004-03-18. Download Australian Languages Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Table 26: Verb inflection categories in pGN and EGN pGN Ngandi Wubuy PastPunctual PastPunctual Pastl PastContinuous PastContinuous Past2 Present NonPast2 Nonpast Future NonPastl Potential Evitative Irrealis Evitative NonPast3 The PP and ... -- This book addresses controversial issues in the application of the comparative method to the languages of Australia which have recently come to international prominence. Are these languages ‘different’ in ways that challenge the fundamental assumptions of historical linguistics? Can subgrouping be successfully undertaken using the Comparative Method? Is the genetic construct of a far-flung ‘Pama-Nyungan’ language family supportable by classic methods of reconstruction? Contrary to increasingly established views of the Australian scene, this book makes a major contribution to the demonstration that traditional methods can indeed be applied to these languages. These studies, introduced by chapters on subgrouping methodology and the history of Australian linguistic classification, rigorously apply the comparative method to establishing subgroups among Australian languages and justifying the phonology of Proto-Pama-Nyungan. Individual chapters can profitably be read either for their contribution to Australian linguistic prehistory or as case studies in the application of the comparative method.

Functional Categories in Igbo

by Obiamalu, Greg Orji
Publisher: M & J Grand Orbit Communications
Release Date: 2016-02-22
Genre: Foreign Language Study
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Functional Categories in Igbo written by Obiamalu, Greg Orji, published by M & J Grand Orbit Communications which was released on 2016-02-22. Download Functional Categories in Igbo Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Secondly, the amount of interest shown in the study of functional categories was as a result of the very little consensus reached among syntacticians on the nature, number and properties of these functional categories across languages. -- This study discusses functional categories in Igbo within Noam Chomsky’s Minimalist Program (MP). Chapter 1 includes the introduction of the concept of functional categories and why they take central place in the study of syntax, as well as an overview of the Minimalist Program (MP). Chapter 2 discusses some historical antecedents to MP. It further discusses the economy principles of the MP as well as the place of functional categories within the overall conceptions of the MP model. Chapter 3 discusses five functional categories: Agreement, Tense, Aspect, Negation and Determiner. In chapter 4, the Igbo functional categories within the verbal domain: Tense, Aspect and Negation are discussed. Chapter 5 is an application of the theoretical issues raised in Chapter 2 to the analysis of the functional categories discussed in Chapter 3. One interesting issue discussed in Chapter 5 is the role of tone in realising some of the functional categories in Igbo. Chapter 6 discusses the functional categories within the nominal domain with much emphasis on the determiner. A revised version of the author’s doctoral thesis, some of the conclusions are revolutionary, relevant to debates in the linguistic theory and in Igbo studies in particular, as well as serving as an introduction to MP.

The semantics of verbal categories in Nakh Daghestanian languages

by
Publisher: BRILL
Release Date: 2018-03-20
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : The semantics of verbal categories in Nakh Daghestanian languages written by , published by BRILL which was released on 2018-03-20. Download The semantics of verbal categories in Nakh Daghestanian languages Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Diana Forker This book explores the semantics of tense, aspect, modality and evidentiality in Nakh-Daghestanian (North-East Caucasian) languages. From a general point of view, these verbal categories and the conceptual relations between ... -- This book explores the semantics of tense, aspect, modality and evidentiality in the North-East Caucasian (Nakh-Daghestanian) language family. It offers an overview of the most challenging features and provides in-depth studies of selected TAME systems in a number of languages.

Language Thought and Other Biological Categories

by Ruth Garrett Millikan
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date: 1987-12-16
Genre: Psychology
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Language Thought and Other Biological Categories written by Ruth Garrett Millikan, published by MIT Press which was released on 1987-12-16. Download Language Thought and Other Biological Categories Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Again , consider this " when it is used coupled with a supporting category word : " this book , " " this color , " " this ... In English and related languages common names are for the most part preceded by the definite or indefinite ... -- Beginning with a general theory of function applied to body organs, behaviors, customs, and both inner and outer representations, Ruth Millikan argues that the intentionality of language can be described without reference to speaker intentions and that an understanding of the intentionality of thought can and should be divorced from the problem of understanding consciousness. The results support a realist theory of truth and of universals, and open the way for a nonfoundationalist and nonholistic approach to epistemology. A Bradford Book

Symposium Zur Lexikographie

by
Publisher:
Release Date: 1983
Genre: Lexicography
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Symposium Zur Lexikographie written by , published by which was released on 1983. Download Symposium Zur Lexikographie Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. categories : (1) (lidelae, modgang) distress, suffering, trouble, affliction, hardship s (2) (fare) distress, danger, peril; (3) (fattigdom) distress, want, indigence, destitution, ... the synonyms or" the target languages concerned. --

Cognate Vocabulary in Language Acquisition and Use

by Agnieszka Otwinowska
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
Release Date: 2016
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Cognate Vocabulary in Language Acquisition and Use written by Agnieszka Otwinowska, published by Multilingual Matters which was released on 2016. Download Cognate Vocabulary in Language Acquisition and Use Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. The conceptual relationships within the continuum of words in two languages fall into three broad categories. ... categories mediated by languages A and B share both category structures and boundaries' (Pavlenko, 2009a: 133). -- This book brings together linguistic, psycholinguistic and educational perspectives on the phenomenon of cognate vocabulary across languages. It discusses extensive qualitative and quantitative data on Polish-English cognates and their use by learners/users of English to show the importance of cognates in language acquisition and learning.

Functional Categories in Language Acquisition

by Annette Hohenberger
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release Date: 2002-01-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Functional Categories in Language Acquisition written by Annette Hohenberger, published by Walter de Gruyter which was released on 2002-01-01. Download Functional Categories in Language Acquisition Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. 3 language Acquisition Research in Generative Grammar: New Models 3.] Lexical vs. Functional Categories: The Structure-Building Hypothesis Guiltoylettltoonan tl'lH3il99ll claim in their stnrcture-building hypothesis that the principles ... -- This study investigates the acquisition of Functional Categories from the perspective of self-organization. Syntax emerges through a major bifurcation of the dynamical language system. Dynamical notions such as precursor, oscillation, symmetry-breaking, and trigger are explanatory tools for the dynamics of early child language as evidenced in the acquisition of compounding, case-marking, finiteness, V2, wh-questions, etc. The book addresses researchers from various theoretical camps: generative, functional, connectionist, by giving new answers to old questions in the light of a novel challenging theory: self-organization.

The Adjectival Category

by D. N. Shankara Bhat
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Release Date: 1994-01-01
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : The Adjectival Category written by D. N. Shankara Bhat, published by John Benjamins Publishing which was released on 1994-01-01. Download The Adjectival Category Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. These three types are shwon to represent gradations of distinctions between word-classes as they occur in natural languages and to manifest various degrees of the corresponding functional neutralizations.In the final chapter the wider ... -- This monograph sets out (i) to establish criteria for differentiating adjectives from other word-classes for languages in which they form a distinct category, and (ii) to establish criteria for determining their (non-)identity with words from other categories for languages in which they do not. As languages show various gradations in the extent to which adjectives can be distinguished from other word-classes, the author discusses idealized language types, thereby providing a model for the analysis of natural languages.The book argues that adjectives do not uniformly show all differentiating characteristics and that these characteristics are semantically relevant and functionally motivated: for instance, when word-classes are used in functions not their own, they manifest characteristics of the categories to which the relevant functions belong.The second part of the book discusses three distinct idealized languages types without a distinct adjectival category in which “property words” remain undifferentiated from (i) nouns, (ii) verbs, and (iii) nouns as well as verbs. These three types are shwon to represent gradations of distinctions between word-classes as they occur in natural languages and to manifest various degrees of the corresponding functional neutralizations.In the final chapter the wider theoretical implications of this work for the study of categories are discussed.

Official Journal of the European Communities

by
Publisher:
Release Date: 1998
Genre: European communities
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Official Journal of the European Communities written by , published by which was released on 1998. Download Official Journal of the European Communities Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Passive languages, category C in the A II C classification: o languages of which the interpreter has a complete under- standing and from which she or he works. ~ 2. Knowledge of languages (e) in the case of candidates with a physical ... --

Language and Bilingual Cognition

by Reader in Applied Linguistics Vivian Cook
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date: 2011-04-27
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Language and Bilingual Cognition written by Reader in Applied Linguistics Vivian Cook, published by Psychology Press which was released on 2011-04-27. Download Language and Bilingual Cognition Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Language can go beyond selecting certain features of things and ignoring others. Language can signal that something belongs to a category. Being in a category has consequences for relations to other things within the category as well as ... -- This volume provides a state-of-the-art overview of the relationship between language and cognition with a focus on bilinguals, bringing together contributions from international leading figures in various disciplines . It is essential reading for researchers and postgraduate students with an interest in language and cognition, or in bilingualism and second languages.

The Bantu Languages

by Derek Nurse
Publisher: Routledge
Release Date: 2006-03-21
Genre: Foreign Language Study
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : The Bantu Languages written by Derek Nurse, published by Routledge which was released on 2006-03-21. Download The Bantu Languages Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. In all of these languages, the past tense markers occur before the negative marker and the verb stem, while the future tense markers usually ... As one moves to the Ring languages we see that in Babungo F1 and F2 form a single category ... -- Gerard Philippson is Professor of Bantu Languages at the Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales and is a member of the Dyamique de Langage research team of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Lyon II University. He has mainly worked on comparative Bantu tonology. Other areas of interest include Afro-Asiatic, general phonology, linguistic classification and its correlation with population genetics.

Grammatical Categories in Australian Languages

by Robert M. W. Dixon
Publisher:
Release Date: 1976
Genre: Aboriginal Australians
Pages: 176 pages
ISBN 13: 0877882487
ISBN 10: 9780877882480
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Synopsis : Grammatical Categories in Australian Languages written by Robert M. W. Dixon, published by which was released on 1976. Download Grammatical Categories in Australian Languages Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Person marker sequences in Australian languages. Pacific Linguistics series A 1 7 : 5 1 -70. Topic A: The derivational affix 'having' 9. Rapporteur's introduction R.M.W. 200 GRAMMATICAL CATEGORIES IN AUSTRALIAN LANGUAGES. -- Papers presented to symposium at Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies 1974; five grammatical topics discussed; The derivational affix having; ergative, locative and instrumental case inflections; the bivalent suffix -ku; are Australian languages syntactically nominativeergative or nominative-accusative; simple and compound verbs; conjugation by auxiliaries in Australian verbal systems; several papers on other grammatical topics also included; All papers are seperately catalogued.