#A World On Fire A Heretic An Aristocrat And The Race To Discover Oxygen PDF

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A World on Fire

by Joe Jackson
Publisher: Penguin
Release Date: 2007-02-27
Genre: Science
Pages: 432 pages
ISBN 13: 1440695970
ISBN 10: 9781440695971
Format: PDF, ePUB, MOBI, Audiobooks, Kindle


Synopsis : A World on Fire written by Joe Jackson, published by Penguin which was released on 2007-02-27. Download A World on Fire Books now! Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Like Charles Seife’s Zero and Dava Sobel’s Longitude, this passionate intellectual history is the story of the intersection of science and the human, in this case the rivals who discovered oxygen in the late 1700s. -- Like Charles Seife’s Zero and Dava Sobel’s Longitude, this passionate intellectual history is the story of the intersection of science and the human, in this case the rivals who discovered oxygen in the late 1700s. That breakthrough changed the world as radically as those of Newton and Darwin but was at first eclipsed by revolution and reaction. In chronicling the triumph and ruin of the English freethinker Joseph Priestley and the French nobleman Antoine Lavoisier—the former exiled, the latter executed on the guillotine—A World on Fire illustrates the perilous place of science in an age of unreason.

A World on Fire
Language: en
Pages: 432
Authors: Joe Jackson
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007-02-27 - Publisher: Penguin

Like Charles Seife’s Zero and Dava Sobel’s Longitude, this passionate intellectual history is the story of the intersection of science and the human, in this case the rivals who discovered oxygen in the late 1700s. That breakthrough changed the world as radically as those of Newton and Darwin but was at first eclipsed by revolution and reaction. In chronicling the triumph and ruin of the English freethinker Joseph Priestley and the French nobleman Antoine Lavoisier—the former exiled, the latter executed on the guillotine—A World on Fire illustrates the perilous place of science in an age of unreason.
World on Fire
Language: en
Pages: 414
Authors: Joe Jackson
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2008-04 - Publisher:

The discovery of oxygen in the late 1700s changed human thought & history radically. Yet its discovery began quietly, with the survival of a mouse under a lab. bell jar. This re-creation of these events takes us back to the final decades of the 1700s & the waning days of the Enlightenment. The English heretic & the French aristocrat who simultaneously isolated oxygen could not have been an unlikelier pair. Joseph Priestley was a tinkerer who knew Ben Franklin, John Adams, & Thomas Jefferson, to whose new nation he eventually fled. Antoine Lavoisier was rich & sophisticated, yet his path ended at the guillotine. Both Priestley & Lavoisier would see their works & lives destroyed, & never know how profoundly they changed the future. Illustrations.
Follow the Wise
Language: en
Pages: 600
Authors: Zeev Weiss, Oded Irshai, Jodi Magness, Seth Schwartz
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2010-06-23 - Publisher: Penn State Press

In 1961, when Lee Israel Levine graduated from both Columbia College in New York, majoring in philosophy, and Jewish Theological Seminary, majoring in Talmud, this accomplishment was only a precursor to the brilliant career that would follow. While researching his Columbia University dissertation in Jerusalem, Levine established close ties with members of the Institute of Archaeology at Hebrew University and Prof. Yigael Yadin, who recognized the need for an interdisciplinary approach that would give graduate archaeology students a solid base in Jewish history and rabbinic sources to supplement their archaeological training. Levine accepted Yadin’s invitation to return to Israel after graduation to teach at the Institute of Archaeology and later was granted a joint appointment in the Institute of Archaeology and the Department of Jewish History. In 1985, he was promoted to the rank of Full Professor, and since 2003, he has held the Rev. Moses Bernard Lauterman Family Chair in Classical Archaeology at the Hebrew University. Levine was instrumental in founding and developing the TALI (an acronym for Tigbur Limudei Yahadut, Enriched Jewish Studies) track of Israel’s state school system. He was also a founding member of the Seminary of Judaic Studies in Jerusalem (now known as the Schechter Institute for Jewish Studies), which opened its doors in 1984. In addition to teaching, Lee headed the Schechter Institute (first as dean and then as president) from 1987 to 1994. Lee was an active member of the Masorti Movement in Israel and represented it abroad as Director of the Foundation for Masorti Judaism (1986–87) and Vice-Chancellor of Israel Affairs at the Jewish Theological Seminary (1987–94). The honoree has published 12 monographs, 11 edited or coedited volumes, and 180 articles. His scholarship encompasses a broad range of topics relating to ancient Judaism, especially archaeology, rabbinic studies, and Jewish history. Within these disciplines he has dealt with a variety of subfields, including ancient synagogues and liturgy, ancient Jewish art, Galilee, Jerusalem, Hellenism and Judaism, and the historical geography of ancient Palestine. He is one of the first major scholars to draw on and integrate data from all of these fields in order to afford a better understanding of ancient Judaism. The 32 contributions to this volume by 35 authors are a tribute to his influence on this field of study and reflect the broad spectrum of his own interests. The 26 English and 6 Hebrew essays are divided into sections on Hellenism, Christianity, and Judaism; art and archaeology—Jerusalem and Galilee; rabbis; the ancient synagogue; sages and patriarchs; and archaeology, art, and historical geography.
Language: en
Pages: 856
Authors: Julian J. Eaton-Rye, Baishnab C. Tripathy, Thomas D. Sharkey
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011-11-04 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

“Photosynthesis: Plastid Biology, Energy Conversion and Carbon Assimilation” was conceived as a comprehensive treatment touching on most of the processes important for photosynthesis. Most of the chapters provide a broad coverage that, it is hoped, will be accessible to advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers looking to broaden their knowledge of photosynthesis. For biologists, biochemists, and biophysicists, this volume will provide quick background understanding for the breadth of issues in photosynthesis that are important in research and instructional settings. This volume will be of interest to advanced undergraduates in plant biology, and plant biochemistry and to graduate students and instructors wanting a single reference volume on the latest understanding of the critical components of photosynthesis.
How the Great Scientists Reasoned
Language: en
Pages: 148
Authors: Gary G. Tibbetts
Categories: Education
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-10-01 - Publisher: Newnes

The scientific method is one of the most basic and essential concepts across the sciences, ensuring that investigations are carried out with precision and thoroughness. This book teaches the basic modes of scientific thought, not by philosophical generalizations, but by illustrating in detail how great scientists from across the sciences solved problems using scientific reason.
Technical Innovation in American History: An Encyclopedia of Science and Technology [3 volumes]
Language: en
Pages: 1082
Authors: Rosanne Welch, Peg A. Lamphier
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-02-28 - Publisher: ABC-CLIO

From the invention of eyeglasses to the Internet, this three-volume set examines the pivotal effects that inventions have had on society, providing a fascinating history of technology and innovations in the United States from the earliest colonization by Europeans to the present. • Encourages readers to consider the tremendous potential impact of advances in science and technology and the ramifications of important inventions on the global market, human society, and even the planet as a whole • Supports eras addressed in the National Standards for American history as well as curricular units on inventions, discoveries, and technological advances • Includes primary documents, a chronology, and section openers that help readers contextualize the content
Air's Appearance
Language: en
Pages: 294
Authors: Jayne Elizabeth Lewis
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-11-22 - Publisher: University of Chicago Press

In Air’s Appearance, Jayne Elizabeth Lewis enlists her readers in pursuit of the elusive concept of atmosphere in literary works. She shows how diverse conceptions of air in the eighteenth century converged in British fiction, producing the modern literary sense of atmosphere and moving novelists to explore the threshold between material and immaterial worlds. Air’s Appearance links the emergence of literary atmosphere to changing ideas about air and the earth’s atmosphere in natural philosophy, as well as to the era’s theories of the supernatural and fascination with social manners—or, as they are now known, “airs.” Lewis thus offers a striking new interpretation of several standard features of the Enlightenment—the scientific revolution, the decline of magic, character-based sociability, and the rise of the novel—that considers them in terms of the romance of air that permeates and connects them. As it explores key episodes in the history of natural philosophy and in major literary works like Paradise Lost, “The Rape of the Lock,” Robinson Crusoe, and The Mysteries of Udolpho, this book promises to change the atmosphere of eighteenth-century studies and the history of the novel.
The Readers' Advisory Guide to Nonfiction
Language: en
Pages: 318
Authors: Neal Wyatt
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007-05-14 - Publisher: American Library Association

With a focus on eight catagories including memoir, sports, and true crime, a readers' advisory guide includes coverage of the major authors and works, popularity, and style.
Science and Christianity: Close Partners or Mortal Enemies?
Language: en
Authors: Dave Armstrong
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-03-13 - Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

It's very fashionable nowadays to assert that Christianity and science are antithetical, or that God has been ruled out of science or disproven (particularly by Darwinian evolution), or that science is based on reason and evidence, whereas religion (being faith-based) supposedly cares little or nothing for same, or that one cannot consistently be a Christian and also a "real" scientist. I shall contend that not only are science and Christianity completely compatible, but that modern science would not have even gotten off the ground if it hadn't been for medieval, scholastic, Catholic thought. I shall demonstrate that the foundations of modern science in the 16th century were overwhelmingly Christian and theistic. The notion that science and religion are fundamentally incompatible is ludicrous and would obliterate science at its very roots. Includes: mini-biographies of 293 scientists and a chart of 115 scientific fields of study founded or extraordinarily advanced by Christian or theistic scientists.
Traveling with the Atom
Language: en
Pages: 551
Authors: Glen E Rodgers
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-12-09 - Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

Traveling with the Atom is a historical travel guide to the development of one of the most significant and enduring ideas in the history of humankind: the atomic concept. This history covers the notable places and landmarks commemorating this achievement, visiting homesteads, graveyards, laboratories, apartments, abbeys and castles, through picturesque rural villages and working class municipalities. From Montreal to Manchester, via some of the most elegant and romantic cities in Europe, Traveling with the Atom guides the reader on a trip through the lives and minds of the great thinkers who collectively unveiled the mystery of the atom. Fully illustrated and interspersed with intriguing and insightful notes throughout, this book is an ideal companion for the wandering scientist, their students, friends and companions or quintessential fireside reading for lovers of science and travel.
History, Philosophy and Science Teaching: A Personal Story
Language: en
Pages: 313
Authors: Michael R. Matthews
Categories: Education
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021 - Publisher: Springer Nature

This book is an historical narrative of academic appointments, significant personal and collaborative research endeavours, and important editorial and institutional engagements. For forty years Michael Matthews has been a prominent international researcher, author, editor and organiser in the field of 'History, Philosophy and Science Teaching'. He has systematically brought his own discipline training in science, psychology, philosophy of education, and the history and philosophy of science, to bear upon theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in science education. The book includes accounts of philosophers who greatly influenced his own thinking and who also were personal friends - Wallis Suchting, Abner Shimony, Robert Cohen, Marx Wartofsky, Israel Scheffler, Michael Martin and Mario Bunge. It advocates the importance of clear writing and avoidance of faddism in both philosophy and in education. It concludes with a proposal for informed and enlightened science teacher education. "Michael Matthews has probably done more for the history and philosophy of science education than anyone else. This book is a riveting read. There are fascinating accounts about the journal Science & Education, the debates over constructivism, and fundamental conceptual issues that lie at the heart of science and science education. This is an essential read for anyone interested in science education." -- Michael J. Reiss, Professor of Science Education, University College London "The work of Michael Matthews in emphasizing the role of history and philosophy of science in science education has been truly monumental. Even more monumental is this much anticipated intellectual biography in which he recalls his early influences and subsequent intellectual encounters within diverse areas, including Catholicism, constructivism, the life and work of Joseph Priestley and the physics of the pendulum." -- Eric Scerri, Chemistry Department, University of California Los Angeles "Matthews records his intellectual maturation and career in a rich personal narrative. It is a fascinating trajectory through the major science educational ideas, trends and upheavals of the last four decades. He remains a sombre voice of reason, of Enlightenment virtues, of liberal education and of sound teacher education and science teaching." -- Roland M. Schulz, Centre for Imagination in Research, Culture and Education, Simon Fraser University.
From Sunlight to Insight
Language: en
Pages: 407
Authors: Geerdt Magiels
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2010 - Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA

"Who discovered photosynthesis? Not many people know. Jan IngenHousz' name has been forgotten, his life and works have disappeared in the mists of time. Still, the tale of his scientific endeavour shows science in action. Not only does it open up an undisclosed chapter of the history of science, it is an ideal (as under researched) episode in the history of science that can help to shine some light on the ingredients and processes that shape the development of science. This paves the way for a fresh multidimensional approach in the philosophy of science: towards an "ecology of science"."--P. [4] of cover.